Many individuals have structural or alignment troubles with their feet. Around 70 % of the populace has feet that have the tendency to pronate or “roll in.”.
Foot orthoses are prescribed by a podiatrist to treat or prevent lower limb injuries. People suffer from lower limb injuries for several reasons. One major reason is often poor foot biomechanics.
Ideal foot biomechanics, or foot movement, involves the heel striking the ground first, then as the body moves forward, the foot goes into what we call “midstance”. This is when the entire foot is flat on the ground, and during this phase the arch of the foot should roll inwards or pronate. This is the foots way of absorbing shock from the ground. As we go to push our bodies forward, we move into what’s called “propulsion”, this is when we push off our toes. At this stage we should bend all our toes, particularly our big toe. When this happens a mechanism in the foot called “windlass” occurs, and the arch of the foot will roll outwards, or supinate. This is a very important mechanism, as this allows the foot to go from a flexible shock absorber (through midstance) to a rigid lever for propulsion.
Foot Orthotics, also referred to as Orthoses, are inserts that are placed into your shoes. They are developed to improve the posture, pressure distribution and biomechanical function of your feet. They do this by altering the position of joints, enhancing the placement of the lower limbs and muscles. This improved positioning decreases stresses on the foot and lower limb, improving symptoms and reducing the probability of future injury.
Customised Orthotics are products made specifically for you, your feet, your tasks, your footwear and your lifestyle. These products need a plaster cast to be taken of your feet to obtain a precise impression of your foot. From here, your Podiatrist can specifically customize a prescribed to your biomechanics and the position in which your foot functions best, and can then choose the degree of correction, shape, product, cover product, padding and accommodative additions, thickness and size of the product, along with biomechanical additions to modify the function of muscles and joints locally. Customised Orthoses are made to last up to 10 years and usually cost around $600 relying on product choices. Some or many of this cost may be covered by your private medical insurance if your strategy covers Podiatry.
Exactly what conditions can Orthotics assist with?
What conditions can Orthotics help with?
Orthotics can often treat and prevent conditions such as:
- Plantar Fasciitis or Heel Pain
- Stress Fractures
- Bunions or Hallux Abducto-valgus
- Tendinopathy or Tendonitis
- Neural compression or Neuroma
- Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome or Shin Splints
- Knee Pain
- Sever’s Disease, Osgood Schlatters or growth plate issues
- Corns and callous
- Lower Back Pain
They can also improve many other conditions affecting the foot and ankle and leg.